CoronaVirus Guide

Today, i will not be writing blogs on passive income or online earning ideas or some side income.  I will be writing blogs on Coronavirus Covid-19, which is now active in more than 213 countries.  As on 2nd June 2020, there are more than 6,371,661 cases and more than 377,552 deaths.  As per the global database, there have been more than 2,904,925 people who have been recovered from the Virus.  UN, USA and some other big European countries and Asian countries have declared medical emergencies.  In fact, UN and other developed countries are working really very hard to develop vaccine for this virus but have not been successful till date.  Most of the schools in China, Italy, UK, US, Iran and India have been shut down.   Places like Malls and social places, which are highly crowded, have been shut.

In this blog, we will be exploring more as to what is Corona virus, what are the symptoms, Treatment and cure of Corona virus and how to prevent being infected from this virus.  If we do not stop the virus, the outbreak of this virus can kill millions of people.  Therefore, please read the entire blog carefully and update and educate to others as well.

But, before going into more details on the COVID-19 virus, there is a good news,

  1. China has closed down its last coronavirus hospital.
  2. Doctors in India have been successful in treating coronavirus.
  3. Researchers of the Erasmus medical center claim to have found an antibody against coronavirus.
  4. Apple reopens all 42 China stores.
  5. Good news from South Korea, where the number of new cases is declining.
  6. Scientists in Israel likely to announce the development of a coronavirus vaccine.
  7. Plasma from newly recovered patients from covid-19 can treat others infected by covid-19.

How to Survive from CoronaVirus?

What is Corona Virus

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections that are typically mild, such as the common cold, though rarer forms such as SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 can be lethal. Symptoms vary in other species: in chickens, they cause an upper respiratory tract disease, while in cows and pigs they cause diarrhea. There are yet to be vaccines or antiviral drugs to prevent or treat human coronavirus infections.

This virus comprise the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae, in the family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales, and realm Riboviria.  They are enveloped viruses with a positivesense singlestranded RNA genome and a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The genome size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 27 to 34 kilobases, the largest among known RNA viruses.  The name coronavirus is derived from the Latin corona, meaning “crown” or “halo”, which refers to the characteristic appearance reminiscent of a crown or a solar corona around the virions (virus particles).  When viewed under two-dimensional transmission electron microscopy, due to the surface covering in club-shaped protein spikes.

It is believed to cause 15 to 30% of all common colds in adults and children.  Virus cause colds with major symptoms, such as fever and sore throat from swollen adenoids, primarily in the winter and early spring seasons.  Coronaviruses can cause pneumonia – either direct viral pneumonia or a secondary bacterial pneumonia – and may cause bronchitis – either direct viral bronchitis or a secondary bacterial bronchitis.  The much publicized human coronavirus discovered in 2003, SARS-CoV, which causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), has a unique pathogenesis because it causes both upper and lower respiratory tract infections.  There are no vaccines or antiviral drugs to prevent or treat SARS-CoV-2 infections.

Cause of Corona Virus

The primary mode of transmission is via respiratory droplets that people exhale, for example when coughing or sneezing.  These only stay suspended in the air for a short time but may stay viable and contagious on a metal, glass or plastic surface.  Details for the COVID-19 virus are not available as of 26 February 2020, and it is assumed that they are similar to other coronaviruses, which survive for up to nine days at room temperature.  Disinfection of surfaces is possible with substances such as 62–71% ethanol applied for one minute.  There were speculations that the virus can spread from goods imported from China, but there are no evidences of proof on the same.  As the virus do no live long on surfaces and are very unlikely to survive over a period of days and weeks when an item is being shipped from China.

 

Treatment and Cure of Corona Virus

Currently no vaccine is there to prevent the coronavirus.

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases may begin clinical trials on a vaccine within weeks, though the vaccine would not be available for at least another year.

There is currently no treatment for the coronavirus. Patients are helped by what’s called supportive care, for example, to help them breathe.

A group of coronavirus patients in Nebraska are taking part in a clinical trial for a possible treatment with an antiviral drug called remdesivir. Originally developed for possible treatment for Ebola, the drug has previously shown promise in treating other coronaviruses, such as SARS.

Other clinical trials of remdesivir are ongoing in China to test its effects on both severe and mild cases of the disease, according to Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease.  In China, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC), and Shanghai East Hospital are developing vaccines.  In Hong Kong, the University of Hong Kong is developing vaccines. The Norwegian Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) is funding three vaccine projects and hopes to have a vaccine in trials by June 2020, and approved and ready in a year.  The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) is hoping for human trials of a vaccine by April 2020.

How to prevent being infected from Corona Virus

Individuals have been asked by health authorities to maintain good hygiene.  This is to prevent further transmission of the virus, such as by washing hands when appropriate, avoiding touching the eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands.  Coughing/sneezing into a tissue and putting the tissue directly into a dustbin and (for those who may already have the infection) wearing a surgical mask in public are also some preventive measures.  A number of governments advise against all non-essential travel to countries and areas affected by the outbreak.  The Government of Hong Kong warned anyone travelling outside the city to not touch animals; to not eat game meat; and to avoid visiting wet markets, live poultry markets, and farms.  There is no evidence that pets, such as dogs and cats, can be infected.  The Government of China has banned the trading and consumption of wild animals.  Below are some of the ways which you can use to prevent the spread of infection.

Hand washing

Hand washing has been recommended to prevent the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The UN recommends that individuals wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.  Especially after going to the toilet or when hands are visibly dirty; before eating; and after blowing one’s nose, coughing, or sneezing. It further recommended using an alcohol-based hand sanitiser with at least 60% alcohol when soap and water are not readily available.  The WHO also advise individuals to avoid touching the eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.

Respiratory hygiene

Health bodies recommended that individuals cover their mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing or with a sleeve if a tissue is not available.

The use of surgical masks by those who may be infected has also been recommended, as they can limit the volume and travel distance of expiatory droplets dispersed when talking, sneezing, and coughing.  The WHO has issued instructions on when and how to use masks, including:

  • Cover mouth and nose with mask and make sure there are no gaps between the face and the mask.
  • Avoid touching the mask while using it; if you do, clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not re-use single-use masks.
  • Remove the mask using the lace from behind (do not touch the front of mask); discard immediately and clean hands.

Masks have also been recommended for use by those taking care of someone who may have the disease.  Furthermore, health care professionals were advised to wear respirators at least as protective as NIOSH-certified N95, EU standard FFP2, or equivalent, in addition to other personal protective equipment.

There is no evidence to show that the wearing of surgical masks by uninfected persons at low risk is effective.  Only China has specifically recommended the use of masks by healthy members of the public, while face masks have been widely used by healthy people in Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, and Singapore.

Self-isolation

In addition to the aforementioned guidance on hand washing and respiratory hygiene, public health bodies have issued instructions for sick individuals with COVID-19 and those who suspect they have been infected. Those individuals are advised to restrict activities outside of the home, except for getting medical care. “Do not go to work, school, or public areas. Avoid using public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis”.  Those seeking medical care are advised to call ahead before visiting a healthcare provider.

The most commonly-used length of these periods has been 14 days (two weeks), as it is also an estimated timeframe between infection and the onset of symptoms.

Countries which have been impacted

Below are some of the countries, which have been severely impacted.  US tops the list followed by Brazil, Russia and Spain.

  • US

Total Cases – 1,859,323

Total Deaths – 106,925

  • Brazil

Total cases – 529,405

Total Deaths – 30,046

  • Russia

Total Cases – 414,878

Total Deaths – 4,855

  • Spain

Total Cases – 286,718

Total Deaths – 27,127

 

Some other countries where the cases have crossed 100,000 are UK, Italy, France, Germany, Turkey, India, Iran and Peru.

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